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CAMAGRA

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Plantation

CamAgra's activities are guided by the concept of sustainability, through which economic and social progress is achieved without damaging the environment. CamAgra's plantations are managed in aim to provide a sustainable wood supply to meet with the worldwide increasing demands. In order to ensure sustainable productivity, the company developed management program concentrates on the operating procedures that optimize the production. These silvicultural practices take into account also the social and environmental issues. Special attention is given to keep ecological corridors and riparian buffer zones along the streams and rivers crossing the plantations. As a result of using fast growing tree species, the plantations helps to absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and return oxygen and thereby plays a fundamental role in mitigating the global warming.

Camagra's plantations are playing an important role in efforts to sustain commercial supply of tree products while reducing pressure on natural forest ecosystems, and provide livelihoods for the rural communities.

The company plantations are situated in three provinces: Kampot, Koh Kong and Sihanukville. As the sites varied in their edaphic and climatic conditions, various genetic materials are used. The plantations consist of two forest trees genus: Eucalyptus and Acacia.

The company nursery produces high quality seedlings from cuttings. The high seedling quality ensures high rate of survival and fast seedlings establishment. The nursery production meets with the company's plantations demand.

Acacia cutting harvesting in the mother-plant plantation


Rooting greenhouse in CamAgra's nursery


Eucalyptus

Eucalyptus originated mainly in Australia and Indonesia. There are over 600 species belonging to the genus Eucalyptus and their habitat varied from semi-arid zones to the tropics. Nevertheless, only few species were introduced to the commercial forestry. The large genetic diversity gives room for wide range for improvement. An intensive research is contacted worldwide to produce elite species clones as well as new hybrids. The exact match between the clone and site conditions is crucial for plantation success.

The Eucalyptus is well known for its rapid growth and the wood quality meets the needs of paper industry. Therefore, it is used as a commercial tree in many countries around the world, in Asia, Africa and America. The largest commercial Eucalyptus plantations are found in Brazil, where more than 3.5 million hectares are planted with improved clones of this genus.

CamAgra introduced few varieties of Eucalyptus including improved clone of E. camaldulensis as well as few hybrids which their performance is constantly monitored.

Acacia

Like in the case of Eucalyptus, the biological diversity of the Acacia flora represents a vast economic, environmental and social resource. As exotics, acacias are planted in over 70 countries and cover about 2 million hectares. Despite the large number of species in the genus, relatively few are intensively cultivated, suggesting that the potential of many species remains unexplored. In addition, there is a significant potential for artificial hybridization. Species of the genus Acacia are important plantation species for tropical South-East Asian countries and the Pacific, due to its rapid growth and tolerance of very poor soils often found in the tropics. The Rhizobium nodules associated with their roots fix atmospheric nitrogen, and thereby reducing the need for heavy chemical fertilization.

The company mainly focuses on wood chip production for the paper industry. Nevertheless, Acacia have hard, durable wood which is suitable for large variety of products such as: Sawn timber, furniture, veneers, fuel wood and charcoal.